Today is Friday, May 11, the 131st day of 2019 with 234 to follow.

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The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Jupiter, Mercury, Neptune, Saturn and Venus. Evening stars are Jupiter and Mars.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Taurus. They include Ottmar Mergenthaler, inventor of the Linotype typesetting machine, in 1854; songwriter Irving Berlin in 1888; dancer/choreographer Martha Graham in 1894; Spanish surrealist painter Salvador Dali in 1904; aviation pioneer Jacqueline Cochran in 1906; actor Margaret Rutherford in 1892; actor Winstead Sheffield "Doodles" Weaver in 1911; Nobel laureate physicist Richard Feynman in 1918; actor Bernard Fox in 1927; satirist Mort Sahl in 1927 (age 92); Louis Farrakhan, Nation of Islam leader, in 1933 (age 86); actor Doug McClure in 1935; singer/songwriter Eric Burdon in 1941 (age 78); artificial heart developer Dr. Robert Jarvik in 1946 (age 73); writer Mike Lupica in 1952 (age 67); actor Natasha Richardson in 1963; actor Tim Blake Nelson in 1964 (age 55); actor Jeffrey Donovan in 1968 (age 51); actor Cory Monteith in 1982; actor Jonathan Jackson in 1982 (age 38); model Blac Chyna, born Angela Renee White, in 1988 (age 32); NFL quarterback Cam Newton in 1989 (age 30); actor Lana Condor in 1997 (age 22); actor Sabrina Carpenter in 1999 (age 21).

 

On this date in history:

In 1858, Minnesota joined the United States as the 32nd state.

In 1862, the Confederate navy destroyed its iron-clad vessel Merrimac to prevent it from falling into the hands of advancing Union forces.

In 1910, Glacier National Park in Montana was created by an act of Congress.

In 1924, Karl Benz and Gottlieb Daimler merged their companies, forming Mercedes-Benz.

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In 1928, the first regularly scheduled television programs were begun by station WGY in Schenectady, N.Y.

In 1963, bombings in Birmingham, Ala., against non-violent Civil Rights campaigners triggers a crisis which leads to the involvement of federal troops.

In 1987, Emmanuel Vitria died in Marseilles in southern France at age 67, 18 years after receiving a transplanted human heart. He was the longest-surviving heart transplant patient at that time.

In 1996, a ValuJet airliner crashed in the Florida Everglades, killing 110 people.

In 1997, world chess champion Garry Kasparov was defeated by a computer, IBM's Deep Blue, in a six-game match in New York.

In 2006, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad told students in Indonesia that Israel was an "evil regime" that would soon be "annihilated."

In 2009, Gen. David McKiernan, the top U.S. commander in Afghanistan, was fired and replaced by Lt. Gen. Stanley McChrystal. McChrystal resigned a year later following a damning article in Rolling Stone.

In 2010, in discussing sexual-abuse scandals, Pope Benedict XVI said the Roman Catholic Church was undergoing its greatest persecution because of "sin in the church." He called the situation "frightening."

In 2018, an Australian man carried out a murder-suicide, killing himself, his wife, their daughter, and their four grandchildren.

A thought for the day: A thought for the day: "Children must be taught how to think, not what to think." -- Margaret Mead