Today is Wednesday, Aug. 8, the 220th day of 2018 with 145 to follow.

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The moon is waning. Morning stars are Mars, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus. Evening stars are Mars, Neptune, Saturn, Uranus and Venus.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Leo. They include the United States' first professional architect, Charles Bulfinch, in 1763; African-American explorer Matthew Henson in 1866; Mexican revolutionary Emiliano Zapata in 1879; Supreme Court Justice Arthur Goldberg in 1908; movie producer Dino De Laurentiis in 1919; aquatic actor Esther Williams in 1921; singer Mel Tillis in 1932; actor Dustin Hoffman in 1937 (age 81); singer Connie Stevens in 1938 (age 80); actor Keith Carradine in 1949 (age 69); writer/journalist Randy Shilts in 1951; former Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi (age 67) in 1951; TV personality Deborah Norville in 1958 (age 60); musician The Edge, born David Evans, in 1961 (age 57); singer JC Chasez in 1976 (age 42); tennis star Roger Federer in 1981 (age 37); actor Meagan Good in 1981 (age 37); actor Katie Leung in 1987 (age 31); Beatrice, princess of York, in 1988 (age 30); actor Casey Cott in 1992 (age 27); singer Shawn Mendes in 1998 (age 20).

 

On this date in history:

In 1911, newsreels became a standard part of U.S. movie screenings when the French film company Pathe began releasing weekly black-and-white features to theaters.

In 1940, the German Luftwaffe began a series of daylight air raids on Britain.

In 1945, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan, two days after an atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima and several days before Tokyo surrendered.

In 1956, a fire in a Belgian coal mine trapped and killed 262 workers in the worst mining disaster in the country's history.

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In 1968, Richard Nixon won the Republican nomination for president. He was elected in November, defeating Democrat Hubert Humphrey and independent George Wallace.

In 1974, facing expected impeachment over the Watergate scandal, Richard Nixon became the first U.S. president to resign. He left office the next day. Listen to UPI Radio's original report.

In 1988, military conservatives overthrew the government of Gen. Efrain Rios Montt in a coup, promising staunch anti-communism.

In 1988, the first night game at Chicago's Wrigley Field was played. The park was the last major league stadium to add lights for night baseball.

In 1990, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein annexed Kuwait.

In 2003, U.S. leaders of the Episcopal Church approved a landmark local-option resolution on the issue of same-sex marriages, leaving it to local dioceses whether to bless unions of gay and lesbian couples. Church leaders earlier in the week approved their first openly gay bishop.

In 2010, U.N. officials estimated 1,600 people had been killed in monsoon-triggered flooding in Pakistan, and authorities said China's deadliest mudslides had claimed more than 1,100 lives. Hundreds of people were missing in the two disasters.

In 2017, South African President Jacob Zuma survived a secret no-confidence vote by Parliament over allegations of corruption.

A thought for the day: Actress Julia Roberts said, "You can be true to the character all you want but you've got to go home with yourself."