Peaky Blinders


Peaky Blinders Information

The Peaky Blinders were a criminal gang based in Birmingham, England, in the late 19th century and to a lesser extent, in the early 20th century. They were one of the many urban youth gangs in the era.

Name

According to Carl Chinn, the name Peaky Blinders is popularly said to derive from the practice of stitching razor blades into the peak of their flat caps, which could then be used as weapons. Chinn describes this as an unrealistic scenario and says a more mundane explanation is that "peakys" was a common nickname for popular flat caps with peaks. The gangs were known to have a distinctive clothing style, wearing peaked caps, cravats, and bell-bottom trousers, and jackets whose "line of brass buttons down the front gave added distinction". Their style of dress was similar to that of the Scuttlers, a Manchester-based gang of the same period.

History

Whether the Peaky Blinders were a single gang or a local Birmingham term for a form of violent youth subculture is debated. Eric Moonman states that, in Birmingham, youth street-gangs were known as "Peaky Blinders" or as "Sloggers". Paul Thompson writes that "These gangs would attack a drunkard and probably leave him insensible in the gutter. If they cannot trip a man or knock him down, they kick or use the buckles of belts"?. They will use knife, poker, fork or anything."

Philip Gooderson, author of The Gangs of Birmingham, states that the Peaky Blinders originated as one gang but the term later became generic. An earlier gang known as the Cheapside Sloggers had evolved in the 1870s and the term "Sloggers" (i.e., "fighters") had already become an eponym for street gangs, when the Peaky Blinders emerged at the end of the century in Adderley Street, in the Bordesley, and Small Heath areas, extremely poor slums of Birmingham. The Peaky Blinders were distinguished by their sartorial style, unlike earlier gangs. Notable members included David Taylor (imprisoned for carrying a gun at 13 years old), "baby-faced" Harry Fowles, Ernest Haynes, and Stephen McNickle.

Girlfriends of gang members also had a distinctive style: "lavish display of pearls, the well-developed fringe obscuring the whole of the forehead and descending nearly to the eyes, and the characteristic gaudy-coloured silk handkerchief covering her throat." Members were allegedly often violent towards girlfriends, one of whom commented: "He'll pinch and punch you every time he walks out with you. And if you speak to another chap, he don't mind kicking you."

In popular culture

A BBC television drama series called Peaky Blinders and starring Cillian Murphy aired in October 2013. It follows a single gang based in post-WWI Birmingham's Small Heath area. Its second season aired in 2014 and a third is scheduled for May 2016.

See also

  • Scuttlers



This webpage uses material from the Wikipedia article "Peaky_Blinders" and is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. Reality TV World is not responsible for any errors or omissions the Wikipedia article may contain.
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