Kendall Jenner (Courtesy Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)
Kendall Nicole Jenner (born November3, 1995) is an American fashion model and television personality. Jenner first came to public attention for appearing in the E! reality television show Keeping Up with the Kardashians.
Jenner is the leading figure in a model movement dubbed "the Instagirl era" by Vogue magazine, or "Social Media Modeling" by Harper's Bazaar. Jenner built her online fanbase by posting backstage selfies and career updates to her followers on social media, giving them a unique fly on the wall view of her career and public life.
After working in commercial print ad campaigns and photoshoots, Jenner had breakout seasons in 2014 and 2015, walking the runways for high fashion designers during the New York, Milan, and Paris Fashion Weeks. Jenner made her earnings debut at No. 16 on Forbes' 2015 list of top earning models, with an estimated annual income of million}}.
Early life and family
Jenner was born in Los Angeles, California, to retired Olympic decathlete champion Bruce Jenner (now Caitlyn Jenner after a 2015 gender transition) and television personality Kris Jenner.
Jenner was raised in a stepfamily with one younger sister, Kylie, and eight half-siblings. Jenner is half sister to Burt and Casey Lynn Jenner through Caitlyn and first wife Christie Crownover. Through Caitlyn and second wife Linda Thompson, Jenner is half sister to indie pop singer Brandon and The Hills actor Sam "Brody" Jenner. Jenner is maternal half sister to reality television celebrities Kourtney, Kim, Khlo, and Rob Kardashian through mother Kris Jenner.
Jenner was raised with her sister and maternal half-siblings in Calabasas, an upscale suburb west of Los Angeles. Jenner attended Sierra Canyon School before switching to homeschooling in order to pursue modeling. She graduated in 2014.
200914: Early work
Jenner began modeling at age 14 when Wilhelmina Models signed her on July 12, 2009. Jenner's first modeling job was the Rocker Babes with a Twist campaign for Forever 21 in December 2009 and January 2010. Jenner was featured in a Teen Vogue Snapshot on April 19, 2010. In September 2011, Jenner walked for Sherri Hill during Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week. By the end of 2012, Jenner had covers on numerous teen-oriented magazines, including American Cheerleader, Teen Prom, Looks, Raine, GenLux, and Flavour Magazine. Jenner also modeled in swimwear campaigns with White Sands Australia, Leah Madden, and Agua Bendita.
In November 2012, Jenner teamed with Victoria's Secret photographer Russell James for editorial work and joint projects. Over the course of 2013 and 2014, their work together surfaced in many publications, including Kurv magazine, Miss Vogue Australia, and Harper's Bazaar Arabia. Jenner featured in James' Nomad Two Worlds: Australia book launches in Sydney and Los Angeles. The quality of Jenner's editorial work with both James and Adam Franzino signalled a transition from commercial work to high fashion, which was solidified when Jenner signed with The Society Management on November 21, 2013.
In the spring of 2014, Jenner walked Fashion Weeks in New York for Marc Jacobs, London for Giles Deacon, and Paris for Givenchy and Chanel. In May 2014, Jenner made her socialite debut at the New York City Met Ball and Cannes Film Festival. In June 2014, Jenner was featured in Interview and was cast in a Givenchy campaign. In July 2014, Karl Lagerfeld picked Jenner to walk for Chanel in Paris. Jenner was on the cover of LOVE magazine's August issue, where she was hailed as "the 'It Girl' of the season" by editor Katie Grand. Jenner was on two September issue Teen Vogue covers. During the month of September 2014, Jenner walked in New York for Donna Karan, Diane von Frstenberg, Tommy Hilfiger, and Marc Jacobs; Milan for Fendi, Ports 1961, Bottega Veneta, Pucci, and Dolce & Gabbana; and Paris for Sonia Rykiel, Balmain, Givenchy, and Chanel. Jenner also participated in a feminist rally-themed Chanel event with Gisele Bundchen and Cara Delevingne. A month and a half later on November 15, 2014, Jenner announced through her social media accounts that she had been selected as the new global face of Este Lauder. On December 3, 2014, Karl Lagerfeld selected Jenner and Delevingne as muses to walk Chanel's Metiers D'Art in Salzburg. Jenner then shot a December-themed LOVE advent calendar promotion with Doug Inglish.
In January 2015, Jenner was featured on the cover of Indonesian Marie Claire magazine, landed her first solo feature in Marc Jacobs' spring campaign, and featured in a Karl Lagerfeld spring campaign with Sasha Luss, Ming Xi, and Baptiste Giabiconi. Jenner walked in New York for Chanel Haute Couture, Alexander Wang, Diane von Frstenberg, Donna Karan, Vera Wang, Michael Kors, Marc Jacobs, and Oscar de la Renta; London for Giles Deacon; Milan for Fendi and N21; and Paris for H&M, Balmain, and Chanel. In March 2015, Jenner was signed as the new face of Calvin Klein Jeans.
In April 2015, Jenner appeared on the covers of both Harper's Bazaar and GQ, and was featured in a Fendi campaign with Victoria's Secret Angel Lily Donaldson. In May, Jenner was announced as the new face of Penshoppe and was featured in a Karl Lagerfeld eyewear campaign. In June, Jenner appeared on the July cover of Vogue China alongside actor Kris Wu, and walked in the annual Dosso Dossi Fashion Show in Antalya, Turkey five times in five different outfits. In July, the Jenner sisters were placed in a Balmain campaign with Gigi and Bella Hadid, and Joan and Erika Smalls. The same month Jenner was featured in a selfie-themed ad for Este Lauder and a LOVE magazine editorial with Bella Hadid and Suki Waterhouse. In September 2015, Jenner made Vogue covers in Japan and France.
In September, Jenner dressed as a suffragette to promote voting participation among Millennials in a campaign for Rock The Vote. Jenner then walked in New York for Givenchy, Diane von Frstenberg, Marc Jacobs, and Michael Kors; and in Paris for Balmain, Elie Saab, and Chanel. In October, Jenner made her debut at Shanghai Fashion Week walking for Ports 1961. Jenner featured in a Vogue? editorial with the 2015 CFDA Fashion Fund Finalists, filmed a promotional video with Olivier Rousteing for Balmain's November 2015 collection, and walked with Jourdan Dunn, Gigi Hadid, Alessandra Ambrosio, Joan Smalls, Elsa Hosk, Bella Hadid, and Karlie Kloss in the Balmain x H&M runway show in New York.
On November 3, 2015, Jenner Instagrammed that John Pfeiffer had booked her to walk in the Victoria's Secret Fashion Show, which was recorded at the 69th Regiment Armory in New York City on November 10 and aired on CBS on December 8. Jenner then shot an Alice In Wonderland-themed editorial for Vogue, under the photographic direction of Mert and Marcus. In December, Jenner shot a pair of promotional videos for her second annual shoot for the LOVE advent calendar and a cover shoot for the January 2016 edition of Vogue Brazil with Russell James. On December 30, 2015, Jenner wrote on her website and app that she had been hospitalized for exhaustion due to overwork.
In January, Jenner was photographed by David Sims in the first of Mango's four Tribal Spirit campaign ads, modelled in the Your Everyday Runway CPS Chaps ad campaign, walked in Paris for Chanel Haute Couture with Gigi and Bella Hadid, and participated in multiple #MyCalvins television and print ad campaigns for Calvin Klein. In February, Jenner featured on the cover of LOVE magazine and posed as feminist icon Rosie the Riveter in a Rock The Vote/Independent Journal Review joint ad campaign. Jenner was chosen along with Diane Von Frstenberg's other favourite models to present the designer's Fall 2016 line, and walked New York Fashion Week for Vera Wang, Michael Kors, and Marc Jacobs along with Lady Gaga. Jenner was photographed by Dutch photography duo Inez and Vinoodh for two covers of W Korea's 11th Anniversary issue. Jenner did not walk in London, but was recreated along with Cara Delevingne, as Madame Tussauds wax figures for a special London Fashion Week Experience. Jenner flew to Milan and walked for Fendi, Versace, and Bottega Veneta.
Popularity and Influence
Time magazine named the Jenner sisters as two of the 30 Most Influential Teens of 2014 on October 13 of that year for their considerable influence among teenagers on social media. Jenner debuted on Models.com's Top 50 list on November 26, 2014. The next month, Jenner placed No. 1 on the site's Social list with a combined reach of 33.19 million followers. Models.com ranked Jenner the No. 1 most followed model on Facebook and Instagram, and No. 2 most followed model on Twitter behind Tyra Banks. On December 16, 2014, Google named Jenner as the second most Googled model in the world. Jenner was voted Reader's Choice Breakout Star of 2014 by Models.com in their 1st annual Models of the Year awards on February 10, 2015 and debuted at No. 2 on FHM's annual 100 Sexiest Women in the World list at the end of April, 2015. Time added Jenner a second time to their list of 2015's Most Influential Teens, a month before her 20th birthday.
Jenner made an impression upon the fashion industry in 2015 for her ability to drive brand recognition in the marketplace. Celebrity Intelligence placed Jenner first on their 2015 'Very Important Endorser' list, where she replaced previous brand magnet Beyonc Knowles as the year's most in-demand brand ambassador. Adweek named Jenner as one of the most valuable celebrity influencers, capable of generating up to for a single tweet. In December, Tumblr named Jenner as its most reblogged model for 2015. Jenner was voted Readers' Choice for Social Media Star in Models.com's 2015 Model Of The Year Awards. She was also named Industry Choice runner up for the same award, and was selected as Readers' Choice runner up for Female Model Of The Year. During 2015, Jenner dominated social media as the No. 1 Facebook and Instagram model on Models.com's Social list. In that time she more than doubled her social media fanbase to 66.78 million followers. Jenner surpassed Tyra Banks in 2015 to become the most followed model on Twitter with over 13.75 million Twitter followers, making her the most followed model in the world across all social media platforms.
Jenner's rapid career ascent as one of the most prominent Instagirls led Dazed magazine's editors to rank her 1st on their annual Dazed 100 list, where she was named the top creative to watch out for in 2015. Jenner was given a triple-cover magazine issue and collaborated with the editors on a Mean Girls-inspired "Burn Book" parody, which responded to her online bullies and industry detractors. The video was later shortlisted on September 22, 2015 for the International Academy of Digital Arts and Sciences' annual Lovie Awards in the Internet Viral Video category; Jenner's video won the Silver Award on October 13 of that year.
Jenner's popularity among millennials and ability to generate considerable online marketing buzz for any brand she wears has proven to be beneficial to fashion technology's Business to Consumer E-commerce protocols. Designer Sally LaPorte claimed Jenner's approval of her clothing line boosted her brand recognition and product sales, and helped the designer key into the particulars of her ideal clients. Fashion tech entrepreneur Frank Spadafora designed his company's D'Marie app in order for fashion influencers who follow in Jenner's footsteps to measure, manage and monetize their social media portfolios. D'Marie has developed Models.com's Social ranking platform into a metric which measures influencers' market reach and engagement value, in a real-time chart comparable to Nielsen N.V.'s broadcast media ratings. The development of this app has ended up working to Jenner's advantage. On December 27, 2015, D'Marie's metrics placed Jenner 3rd on their list of influential brand ambassadors, and 1st on their list of influential models. As of February 19, 2016, Jenner ranked as D'Marie's #1 fashion industry influencer across all categories.
Jenner created two signature nail lacquers (All Kendall-ed up, and Kendall on the Katwalk) for the 2011 Nicole by OPI Kardashian Kolors nail polish line. The Jenner sisters earned each for their OPI endorsements in 2013. On March 16, 2012, the Jenner sisters were named Creative Directors of the Gillette Venus Gets Ready with Kendall & Kylie Jenner webisode series, which was originally aired on Gillette's Facebook page. The Jenner sisters previewed The Kendall & Kylie Collection with PacSun on November 15, 2012; the PacSun collection was first launched on February 2013, with subsequent collections released under the PacSun collaboration. In July 2013, the Jenner sisters formed a partnership with Pascal Mouawad's Glamhouse to create the Metal Haven by Kendall & Kylie jewelry collection. In February 2014, the Jenner sisters launched a shoe and handbag line under Steve Madden's Madden Girl line for Nordstrom.
On February 3, 2015, the Jenner sisters confirmed another Kendall + Kylie collaboration with Topshop, which they unveiled at the Chadstone Shopping Centre in Melbourne, Australia later that year, on November 18. The collection retailed in stores in January 2016 and was officially launched in New York on February 8, 2016.
Jenner featured in a series of commercial ads throughout 2015 for Modern Muse le Rouge, Shimmer Body Lotion, and Pure Color Collection, for which the company created an online-only, limited-edition Kendall Jenner Shade brand of Pure Color Envy Matte Sculpting Lipstick in 2015, complete with Jenner's signature. Jenner has also promoted various other non-signature products from the product line throughout the year. In February 2016, Jenner and beauty blogger Irene Kim became guest editors for the Este Edit skincare and beauty collection, with Jenner featured in a Kendall J Eyeshadow Palette launch for the Este Edit. Jenner uses the hashtag #KJ4EL as brand ambassador in her viral campaign promotions for the company.
In September 2015, the Jenner and Kardashian sisters released their individual official websites with lifestyle blogs and paid subscription mobile app extensions. The sites were created in collaboration with Whalerock Industries. The Jenner sisters partnered with Glu Mobile for nearly a year to develop their own mobile app spinoff from Kim Kardashian: Hollywood; their Kendall and Kylie app launched on February 17, 2016.
On February 10, 2016, lawyers representing Jenner Inc. file a $10 million lawsuit against esthetic medical company Cutera at the United States District Court for the Central District of California. Jenner's legal team objected to the company using her brand and attributing media quotes to her without permission or brand compensation. Cutera had featured Jenner in ad campaigns for its Laser Genesis acne treatment.
The Jenner sisters hosted Glee: The 3D Concert Movie at the Regency Village Theater in Westwood, California on August 6, 2011. The Jenners hosted the premiere of The Vow in Hollywood on February 6, 2012. The Jenner sisters interviewed the cast of The Hunger Games premiere in the Bing Box at The Nokia Theatre on March 12, 2012. Kendall Jenner presented at the 2014 Billboard Music Awards, where she mistook band 5 Seconds of Summer as One Direction live on national television. The Jenner sisters co-hosted the Much Music Video Awards in Toronto, Canada on June 15, 2014. Jenner drew considerable attention for the risqu Fausto Puglisi-designed dress she wore on the red carpet. The Jenner sisters introduced brother-in-law Kanye West's performance at the Billboard Music Awards on May 17, 2015.
In 2010, Jenner was cast in boy band One Call's Blacklight video along with Ashley Benson and Kevin McHale. In 2012, Jenner appeared as AJ on the I Ka Wa Mamua episode of Hawaii Five-0. Jenner did voiceover for the character Strawberry in The High Fructose Adventures of Annoying Orange episode Shakesparagus Speare, which aired on January 20, 2014. In August 2014, Jenner appeared in singer PartyNextDoor's video Recognize with sister Kylie Jenner and rapper Drake.
Seventeen magazine featured Kendall and Kylie Jenner as Style Stars of 2011, and selected them as "Style Ambassadors" for the magazine. In 2014, the Jenner sisters co-authored novel Rebels: City of Indra with ghostwriter Maya Sloan.
In May 2014, Jenner purchased a two-bedroom, 2.5-bath condominium in Los Angeles for million}}, to use as her primary residence. Jenner acquired a Chevrolet Corvette Stingray as a 20th birthday present to herself in November 2015. Jenner has admitted to having a shy personality on her blog. Jenner prefers not to comment to the media regarding her love life.
Jenner set up an eBay account where she auctions old clothing to raise money for the Children's Hospital Los Angeles. The Kardashian and Jenner sisters used eBay in this way to raise money for their charities in 2013. Jenner joined her family in a charity yard sale on November 10, 2013. Proceeds from the sale were donation-matched and sent to Share Our Strength: No Kid Hungry and the Greater Los Angeles Fisher House Foundation. Jenner and Kim Kardashian attended a Christmas Eve visit with the kids at Children's Hospital Los Angeles on Tuesday December 24, 2013. Jenner joined Khloe Kardashian, Lil Twist, and The Game at PINZ bowling alley in Studio City, California for a charity bowling game on January 19, 2014. The event was held to raise money for The Robin Hood Foundation, a nonprofit for which The Game pledged to raise $1 million USD in donations. The Jenner sisters participated in singer Chris Brown's two Kick'n It For Charity Celebrity Kickball games in Glendale, California on July 19, 2014 and on August 16, 2014. Jenner, Ansel Elgort, Gigi Hadid, and Jenner's agent Ashleah Gonzales encountered unhoused model/actor John Economou in Venice Beach during a fashion shoot on January 31, 2015, a meeting which led to Economou being signed to a Two Management contract by company president Luc Brinker. On February 14, 2015, Jenner appeared at Marc Jacobs' Bookmarc store in New York City for the launch of LOVE magazine issue 13. Jenner posed in a limited-edition T-shirt sale to raise proceeds for Designers Against AIDS.