Chester A. Arthur


Chester A. Arthur Brief Biography

Chester A. Arthur
Chester Alan Arthur (October 5, 1829 " November 18, 1886) was the 21st President of the United States (1881"85); he succeeded James Garfield upon the latter's assassination. At the outset, Arthur struggled to overcome his reputation, stemming from his beginnings in politics as a politician from the New York City Republican political machine. He succeeded in overcoming his reputation by embracing the cause of civil service reform. His advocacy for, and subsequent enforcement of, the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act was the centerpiece of his administration.

Arthur was of English and Scotch-Irish descent. He was born in Fairfield, Vermont, but he grew up in upstate New York and practiced law in New York City. He served as quartermaster general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Following the Civil War, he devoted more time to Republican politics and quickly rose in the political machine run by New York Senator Roscoe Conkling. Appointed by President Ulysses S. Grant to the lucrative and politically powerful post of Collector of the Port of New York in 1871, Arthur was an important supporter of Conkling and the Stalwart faction of the Republican Party. In 1878 the new president, Rutherford B. Hayes, fired Arthur as part of a plan to reform the federal patronage system in New York. When James Garfield won the Republican nomination for president in 1880, Arthur, an eastern Stalwart, was nominated for vice president to balance the ticket.

Chester A. Arthur News

• Famous birthdays for Oct. 5: Kate Winslet, Jacob Tremblay, Neil DeGrasse Tyson, Jesse Eisenberg, Guy Pearce, Nicky Hilton, Bernie Mac
• The Almanac for Oct. 5, the 278th day of 2017
• The Almanac for Oct. 5, the 279th day of 2016

This webpage uses material from the Wikipedia article "Chester_A._Arthur" and is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. Reality TV World is not responsible for any errors or omissions the Wikipedia article may contain.


POPULAR MOVIES (100)



POPULAR TV SHOWS (100)



POPULAR PEOPLE (100)

Page generated Tue Oct 24, 2017 5:57 am in 1.0809969902039 seconds


Page fetched in 1.0921041965485 seconds