Today is Tuesday, Sept. 3, the 246th day of 2019 with 119 to follow.

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The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Mercury, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Neptune, Saturn, Uranus and Venus.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Virgo. They include teacher Prudence Crandall, controversial for her efforts to educate black girls, in 1803; architect Louis Sullivan, called the father of the skyscraper, in 1856; automobile designer Ferdinand Porsche in 1875; cartoonist Mort Walker in 1923; actor Anne Jackson in 1926; actor Irene Papas in 1926 (age 93); organized crime boss James "Whitey" Bulgar Jr. in 1929; Albert DeSalvo, known as the Boston Strangler, in 1931; actor Eileen Brennan in 1932; actor Pauline Collins in 1940 (age 79); musician Al Jardine in 1942 (age 77); actor Valerie Perrine in 1943 (age 76); actor Charlie Sheen in 1965 (age 54); director Noah Baumbach in 1969 (age 50); author Kiran Desai in 1971 (age 48); rapper Redfoo, born Stefan Kendal Gordy, in 1975 (age 44); actor Garrett Hedlund in 1984 (age 35); Olympic gold medal snowboarder Shaun White in 1986 (age 33); rapper August Alsina in 1992 (age 27); actor Jack Dylan Grazer in 2003 (age 16).

 

On this date in history:

In 1777, the U.S. flag was flown in battle for the first time during a Revolutionary War conflict at Cooch's Bridge, Del.

In 1783, the Treaty of Paris was signed, officially ending the American Revolutionary War and recognizing U.S. independence from Britain.

In 1914, Giacomo della Chiesa is elected pope, taking the name Benedict XV. His papacy lasted more than seven years until his death at 67 in 1922.

In 1916, the Allies turned back the Germans in the World War I Battle of Verdun.

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In 1936, Britain's Malcolm Campbell set a land-speed record on the Bonneville Salt Flats of Utah, averaging 301.129 mph in two runs.

In 1930, a Category 4 hurricane struck the Dominican Republic, killing at least 2,000 people, though some estimates put the death toll much higher. It is the fifth deadliest Atlantic hurricane on record.

In 1939, Britain declared war on Germany and was quickly joined by France, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and Canada.

In 1942, Frank Sinatra began his solo singing career after leaving Tommy Dorsey's orchestra.

In 1991, film director Frank Capra, best known for such feel-good movies as It Happened One Night and It's a Wonderful Life, died at the age of 94.

In 1997, Arizona Gov. Fife Symington was convicted of fraud by a federal jury in Phoenix. He resigned two days later.

In 2004, a three-day school crisis ended in a 13-hour battle between security forces that stormed a school building in Beslan, Russia, and Chechen terrorists who had opened fire on hostages. Nearly 350 people, including about 155 children, were killed. All but one of the 31 suspected hostage-takers also died.

In 2005, William H. Rehnquist, the chief justice of the United States, died at the age of 80 after a long bout with thyroid cancer. He had been on the Supreme Court since 1971.

In 2012, the Rev. Sun Myung Moon, founder of the Unification Church, died in South Korea. He was 92.

In 2013, Ariel Castro, 53, who was sentenced to life plus 1,000 years for holding three young women captive for a decade, and sexually assaulting them, hanged himself in his cell at the Correction Reception Center in Orient, Ohio.

In 2014, the CVS Pharmacy chain stopped selling cigarettes and other tobacco products.

In 2017, California Gov. Jerry Brown declared a state of emergency in Los Angeles County in response to the La Tuna Fire. The wildfire burned more than 7,000 acres, the largest such blaze in the city in five decades.

A thought for the day: U.S. President Bill Clinton said, "The future is not an inheritance, it is an opportunity and an obligation."