Today is Tuesday, Sept. 10, the 253rd day of 2019 with 112 to follow.

The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Mercury, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Neptune, Saturn, Uranus and Venus.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Virgo. They include Pope Julius III in 1487; fashion designer Elsa Schiaparelli in 1890; dancer Adele Astaire in 1896; Hall of Fame golfer Arnold Palmer in 1929; fashion designer Karl Lagerfeld in 1933; television journalist Charles Kuralt in 1934; home run-hitting baseball star Roger Maris in 1934; football Hall of Fame member Buck Buchanan in 1940; science writer Stephen Jay Gould in 1941; singer Jose Feliciano in 1945 (age 74); basketball Hall of Fame member Bob Lanier in 1948 (age 71); political commentator Bill O'Reilly in 1949 (age 70); musician Joe Perry in 1950 (age 69); actor Amy Irving in 1953 (age 66); actor Clark Johnson in 1954 (age 65); film director Chris Columbus in 1958 (age 61); actor Colin Firth in 1960 (age 59); cartoonist Alison Bechdel in 1960 (age 59); baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Randy "The Big Unit" Johnson in 1963 (age 56); Alibaba co-founder Jack Ma 1964 (age 55); hockey Hall of Fame member Joe Nieuwendyk in 1966 (age 53); film director Guy Ritchie in 1968 (age 51); actor Ryan Phillippe in 1974 (age 45); ballet dancer Misty Copeland in 1982 (age 37).


On this date in history:

In 1813, U.S. naval units under the command of Capt. Oliver Perry defeated a British squadron in the Battle of Lake Erie.

In 1823, Simon Bolivar, who led the wars for independence from Spain in Venezuela, Colombia, Peru and Bolivia, was named president of Peru with dictatorial powers.

In 1846, Elias Howe received a patent for the sewing machine.

In 1963, blacks entered the white public schools of Birmingham, Tuskegee and Mobile in Alabama after U.S. President John F. Kennedy federalized the state's National Guard.

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In 1977, Tunisian immigrant Hamida Djandoubi became the last person France executed by guillotine. He was convicted of torturing and strangling his girlfriend because she refused to become a prostitute.

In 1981, Pablo Picasso's epic painting, Guernica, which depicted the air bombing of the Spanish town by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italian planes, was delivered to Spain for the first time since it was painted in 1937. The painter, who was living in France, said it could not be returned to Spain until democracy was restored.

In 2002, Switzerland and Timor-Leste joined the United Nations, expanding the membership roll to 191. It eventually increased to 193.

In 2008, scientists in a Geneva lab activated the Large Hadron Collider, the world's largest and most powerful subatomic particle accelerator, built over a 14-year period and costing an estimated $8 billion. It had to be shut down after nine days for repairs.

In 2011, nearly 200 people died after an overloaded ferry capsized and sank off the coast of Tanzania. More than 600 were rescued.

In 2014, in a speech to the nation, President Barack Obama said the United States and a "broad coalition" will "degrade and ultimately destroy" Islamic State terrorists.

In 2018, California Gov. Jerry Brown signed a law to eliminate fossil fuel use for electricity by 2045.

A thought for the day: "You can't get spoiled if you do your own ironing." -- American actor Meryl Streep