Today is Monday, June 19, the 170th day of 2017 with 195 to follow.
The moon is waning. Morning stars are Saturn, Neptune, Venus, Uranus, and Mercury. Evening stars are Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Gemini. They include French philosopher/mathematician Blaise Pascal in 1623; Moe Howard of the Three Stooges comedy act in 1897; bandleader Guy Lombardo in 1902; baseball Hall of Fame member Lou Gehrig in 1903; former U.S. Sen. Alan Cranston, D-Calif., in 1914; musician Lester Flatt in 1914; film critic Pauline Kael in 1919; actor Louis Jourdan in 1921; actor Nancy Marchand in 1928; actor Gena Rowlands in 1930 (age 87); Nobel Peace Prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi in 1945 (age 72); author Salman Rushdie in 1947 (age 70); actor Phylicia Rashad in 1948 (age 69); musician Nick Drake in 1948; musician Ann Wilson of Heart in 1950 (age 67); actor Kathleen Turner in 1954 (age 63); singer Paula Abdul in 1962 (age 55); political commentator Laura Ingraham in 1964 (age 53); actor Mia Sara in 1967 (age 50); actor Robin Tunney in 1972 (age 45); actor Paul Dano in 1984 (age 33).
On this date in history:
In 1846, two amateur baseball teams played under new rules at Hoboken, N.J., planting the first seeds of organized baseball. The New York Nine beat the Knickerbockers, 23-1.
In 1856, the first Republican national convention ended in Philadelphia with the nomination of explorer John Charles Fremont of California for president. James Buchanan, a Federalist nominated by the Democrats, was elected.
In 1867, Austrian Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian, installed as emperor of Mexico by French Emperor Napoleon III in 1864, was executed on the orders of Benito Juarez, president of the Mexican Republic.
In 1905, Pittsburgh showman Harry Davis opened the world's first nickelodeon, showing "The Great Train Robbery," a silent Western film. The storefront theater had 96 seats, charged 5 cents and prompted the advent of movie houses across the United States.
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In 1910, Spokane, Wash., had the first Father's Day.
In 1943, World War II's Battle of the Philippine Sea began. Japanese forces tried unsuccessfully to prevent further Allied advancement in the South Pacific.
In 1953, convicted spies Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were executed by electric chair at Sing Sing Correctional Facility in Ossining, N.Y.
In 1987, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down a 1981 Louisiana law that required schools to teach the creationist theory of human origin espoused by fundamentalist Christians.
In 2000, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that prayers led by students at public high school football games aren't permitted under the constitutional separation of church and state.
In 2008, U.S. Sen. Barack Obama, D-Ill., the presumptive Democratic presidential nominee, became the first candidate at that level to bypass public financing since the program was established.
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