Today is Thursday, Aug. 8, the 220th day of 2019 with 145 to follow.

The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Jupiter, Mercury, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mars, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Leo. They include the United States' first professional architect, Charles Bulfinch, in 1763; African-American explorer Matthew Henson in 1866; Mexican revolutionary Emiliano Zapata in 1879; Supreme Court Justice Arthur Goldberg in 1908; movie producer Dino De Laurentiis in 1919; aquatic actor Esther Williams in 1921; singer Mel Tillis in 1932; actor Dustin Hoffman in 1937 (age 82); singer Connie Stevens in 1938 (age 81); Russian cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya, first woman to walk in space, in 1948 (age 71); actor Keith Carradine in 1949 (age 70); writer/journalist Randy Shilts in 1951; former Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi in 1951; TV personality Deborah Norville in 1958 (age 61); musician The Edge, born David Evans, in 1961 (age 58); singer JC Chasez in 1976 (age 43); actor Countess Vaughn in 1978 (age 41); tennis star Roger Federer in 1981 (age 38); actor Meagan Good in 1981 (age 38); actor Katie Leung in 1987 (age 32); Beatrice, princess of York, in 1988 (age 31); actor Casey Cott in 1992 (age 27); singer Lauv, born Ari Leff, in 1994 (age 25); singer Shawn Mendes in 1998 (age 21).


On this date in history:

In 1911, newsreels became a standard part of U.S. movie screenings when the French film company Pathe began releasing weekly black-and-white features to theaters.

In 1940, the German Luftwaffe began a series of daylight air raids on Britain.

In 1945, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan, two days after an atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima and several days before Tokyo surrendered.

In 1956, a fire in a Belgian coal mine trapped and killed 262 workers in the worst mining disaster in the country's history.

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In 1968, Richard Nixon won the Republican nomination for president. He was elected in November, defeating Democrat Hubert Humphrey and independent George Wallace.

In 1974, facing expected impeachment over the Watergate scandal, Richard Nixon became the first U.S. president to resign. He left office the next day. Listen to UPI Radio's original report.

In 1988, military conservatives overthrew the government of Gen. Efrain Rios Montt in a coup, promising staunch anti-communism.

In 1988, the first night game at Chicago's Wrigley Field was played. The park was the last major league stadium to add lights for night baseball.

In 1990, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein annexed Kuwait.

In 2003, U.S. leaders of the Episcopal Church approved a landmark local-option resolution on the issue of same-sex marriages, leaving it to local dioceses whether to bless unions of gay and lesbian couples. Church leaders earlier in the week approved their first openly gay bishop.

In 2010, U.N. officials estimated 1,600 people had been killed in monsoon-triggered flooding in Pakistan, and authorities said China's deadliest mudslides had claimed more than 1,100 lives. Hundreds of people were missing in the two disasters.

In 2018, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences announced plans to add a Popular Film category for the Oscars. The academy scrapped the plans less than a month later after backlash.

A thought for the day: Actress Julia Roberts said, "You can be true to the character all you want but you've got to go home with yourself."