Today is Sunday, Aug. 11, the 223rd day of 2019 with 142 to follow.
The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Jupiter, Mercury, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mars, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus.
Those born on this day are under the sign of Leo. They include songwriter Carrie Jacobs Bond in 1862; art collector Joseph Hirshhorn in 1899; author Alex Haley in 1921; singer June Hutton in 1920; actor Arlene Dahl in 1925 (age 94); European socialite Claus von Bulow in 1926; evangelist Jerry Falwell in 1933; columnist Marilyn vos Savant in 1946 (age 73); pop singer Eric Carmen in 1949 (age 70); Apple computer co-founder Steve Wozniak in 1950 (age 69); professional wrestler/actor Hulk Hogan, born Terry Gene Bollea, in 1953 (age 66); British singer/songwriter Joe Jackson in 1954 (age 65); playwright David Henry Hwang in 1957 (age 62); political commentator David Brooks in 1961 (age 58); actor Embeth Davidtz in 1965 (age 54); actor Viola Davis in 1965 (age 54); TV show host Joe Rogan in 1967 (age 52); actor Will Friedle in 1976 (age 43); actor Chris Hemsworth in 1983 (age 36); political commentator Tomi Lahren in 1992 (age 27); actor/dancer Alyson Stoner in 1993 (age 26).
On this date in history:
In 1877, Thomas Edison described the fundamentals of the phonograph to an assistant and instructed him to build the first one.
In 1934, the first group of federal prisoners classified as "most dangerous" arrived at Alcatraz Island, a 22-acre rocky outcrop 1.5 miles offshore in San Francisco Bay.
In 1943, German military forces started evacuating Sicily, Italy, under threat by the Allies in World War II.
In 1952, Jordan's parliament ousted King Talal for being mentally unfit to rule and named his 17-year-old son King Hussein. The young king would go on to rule 43 years, until his death Feb. 7, 1999.
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In 1954, a formal announcement ended the seven-year war in Indochina between France and forces of the communist Viet Minh.
In 1965, riots began in the Watts section of Los Angeles. In six days of violence, 34 people were killed.
In 1984, in an off-air radio voice check picked up by TV cameras, U.S. President Ronald Reagan joked, "My fellow Americans, I'm pleased to tell you today that I've signed legislation that will outlaw Russia forever. We begin bombing in 5 minutes." The Kremlin wasn't amused.
In 1991, a Lebanese militant group, the Revolutionary Justice Organization, released U.S. hostage Edward Tracy, 60, who was a captive for nearly five years.
In 1993, U.S. President Bill Clinton endorsed the "Brady Bill" handgun control measure and signed an executive order banning the import of semiautomatic assault-style handguns.
In 1997, Bill Clinton became the first U.S. president to use the line-item veto, a power granted by Congress the year before.
In 1998, two boys, ages 12 and 14, were found to be "delinquent" (the juvenile court equivalent of a guilty verdict) in the fatal March shootings of four students and a teacher at their middle school in Jonesboro, Ark.
In 1999, the Kansas State Board of Education voted to drop the theory of evolution from the public school curriculum.
In 2007, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America voted to refrain from disciplining members of the clergy involved in same-sex relationships.
In 2009, Eunice Kennedy Shriver, younger sister of President John Kennedy, mother of former California first lady Maria Shriver and founder of the Special Olympics, died in a Cape Cod, Mass., hospital. She was 88. She devoted much of her life to raising funds for, and awareness of, people with mental disabilities.
In 2014, Oscar-winning actor and comedian Robin Williams died at age 63 in Tiburon, Calif. "This is a sudden and tragic loss," his publicist said. Williams' wife, Susan Schneider, said "the world lost one of its most beloved artists and beautiful human beings." Williams' death was ruled a suicide.
In 2016, Michael Phelps became the first swimmer to win four consecutive Olympic gold medals in a single event.
A thought for the day: "I push myself to be the best I can be. I don't worry about what other people are doing, and I don't think about things I can't control." -- golfer Annika Sorenstam
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