Today is Sunday, July 16, the 197th day of 2017 with 168 to follow.

The moon is waning. Morning star is Venus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mercury and Saturn.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Cancer. They include Mary Baker Eddy, founder of the Christian Science Church, in 1821; baseball great/"Black Sox" scandal figure "Shoeless" Joe Jackson in 1887; actor Percy Kilbride ("Pa Kettle") in 1888; first U.N. Secretary-General Trygva Lie in 1896; popcorn tycoon Orville Redenbacher in 1907; actor Barbara Stanwyck in 1907; actor/dancer Ginger Rogers in 1911; actor Corin Redgrave in 1939; tennis Hall of Fame member Margaret Court in 1942 (age 75); football Hall of Fame member Jimmy Johnson in 1943 (age 74); Irish dancer Michael Flatley in 1958 (age 59); football Hall of Fame member Barry Sanders in 1968 (age 49); actor Phoebe Cates in 1963 (age 54); actor Will Ferrell in 1967 (age 50); actor Rain Pryor in 1969 (age 48); actor Corey Feldman in 1971 (age 46); soccer player Carli Lloyd in 1982 (age 35); singer James Maslow in 1990 (age 27); singer Luke Hemmings in 1996 (age 21).

On this date in history:

In 1769, the first Roman Catholic mission in California was dedicated at the site of present-day San Diego.

In 1790, the U.S. Congress designated the District of Columbia as the permanent seat of the U.S. government.

In 1918, Russian Czar Nicholas II and his family were killed by Bolsheviks who had held them captive for two months.

In 1935, the world's first parking meter was installed in Oklahoma City.

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In 1945, the first test of the atom bomb was conducted at a secret base near Alamogordo, N.M.

In 1951, J.D. Salinger's The Catcher in the Rye was published.

In 1959, Billie Holiday, considered one of the greatest jazz singers despite a tragic life, died of cardiac failure at age 44.

In 1969, Apollo 11, the first moon-landing mission, was launched from the Kennedy Space Center, carrying astronauts Neil Armstrong, Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin and Michael Collins.

In 1980, Ronald Reagan was unanimously nominated as the Republican candidate for president at the GOP National Convention in Detroit. He chose George H. W. Bush as his running mate after former President Gerald Ford declined to join the ticket.

In 1990, an earthquake struck Luzon Island in the Philippines, killing about 1,600 people.

In 1999, John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife, Carolyn Bessette Kennedy, and her sister, Lauren Bessette, were killed in the crash of a single-engine plane in the Atlantic Ocean off the Massachusetts island of Martha's Vineyard. The son of former U.S. President John F. Kennedy was 39.

In 2004, TV personality and businesswoman Martha Stewart was sentenced to five months in prison and five months of house arrest after being found guilty of conspiracy, obstruction of an agency proceeding and making false statements to federal investigators.

In 2012, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said the United States and Israel are on the "same page" when it comes to Iran and its nuclear program.

In 2014, a federal judge declared California's death penalty system unconstitutional, saying it is dysfunctional and beyond repair, with inmates waiting on death row for decades.

In 2015, four Marines were killed and three others seriously injured when a gunman opened fire at two U.S. military facilities in Chattanooga, Tenn. The attacker, Mohammad Youssef Abdulazeez, was killed by police in a gunfight.

A thought for the day: "Truth is not determined by a majority vote." -- Pope Benedict XVI