L?na?i (IPA: ) is the sixth-largest of the Hawaiian Islands. It is also known as the Pineapple Island because of its past as an island-wide pineapple plantation. The only town is L?na?i City, a small settlement.
The island is somewhat comma-shaped, with a width of 18 miles in the longest direction. The land area is 140.53 square miles (363.97 km˛). It is separated from the island of Moloka?i by the Kalohi Channel to the north, and from Maui by the ?Au?au Channel to the east. The United States Census Bureau defines L?na?i as Census Tract 316 of Maui County. Its total population was 3,193 as of the 2000 census.
L?na?i was first seen by Europeans on February 25, 1779, when Captain Clerke sighted the island from aboard James Cook's HMS Resolution. Clerke had taken command of the ship after Cook was killed at Kealakekua Bay on February 14, and was leaving the islands for the North Pacific.
In 1922, James Dole, the president of Hawaiian Pineapple Company later the Dole Food Company, bought the entire island of L?na?i, and developed a large portion of it into the world's largest pineapple plantation.
In 1985, L?na?i passed into the control of David H. Murdock, as a result of his purchase of Castle & Cooke.
See Tourism in Hawaii for more information
Tourism on L?na?i started more recently as the pineapple industry was phased out in the islands.
There are two resort hotels on L?na?i, both managed by Four Seasons Hotels: M?nele Bay and the Lodge at K??ele. The latter is unusual for a resort in Hawai?i in that it is located inland rather than near the beach. There is also a small hotel in L?na?i City used primarily for people visiting L?na?i residents. Both resorts have golf courses, and are managed by Four Seasons.
The highest point is L?na?ihale which is 3,370 feet high.
Places to visit
Puu Pehe, a.k.a. "Sweetheart Rock". Puu Pehe is situated about 150 feet offshore between Manele Bay and Hulopoe Bay along the island"s southern coastline. It is one of Lanai"s most recognizable landmarks and also the setting for one of Hawaii"s most enduring legends.
Keahikawelo, also known as "Garden of the Gods" is characterized by boulders of varying sizes, shapes and colors. They are the result of thousands of years of erosion.
A popular locale on Lanai is Manele harbor
The largest private residence on the island is a mansion owned by billionaire David H. Murdock. It is located next to M?nele Bay, facing Kaanapali on the island of Maui.
This was the site of a kayaking challenge in the finale of the amazing race all stars