The Combos "Americas Manliest Cities" study named Nashville as the most masculine metropolis in the United States.
Mars Chocolate North America said the third annual study used metrics including the number of manly businesses, such as home improvement stores and steak houses, and manly jobs, such as construction, to rank the relative manliness of 50 U.S. cities.
The study, which deducted manliness points from cities with large numbers of cupcake stores or fancy furniture sellers, ranked Nashville in the top spot, followed by Charlotte, N.C.; Oklahoma City; Memphis and Columbia, S.C.
Los Angeles ranked last on the list with San Diego ranking No. 49.
The Board of Manliness, which helped rank the cities, included actor Lou Ferrigno, baseball Hall of Famer Rollie Fingers, retired wrestler Sergeant Slaughter, comedian Judy Gold and champion lumberjack Mike Sullivan.