In 1543, Mary Stuart is crowned Mary Queen of Scots at 9 months old.
In 1893, first lady Frances Folsom Cleveland gives birth to a daughter in the White House. Esther Cleveland was the first child of a president to be born in the White House.
In 1956, rock 'n' roll singer Elvis Presley appeared on national television for the first time -- on The Ed Sullivan Show.
In 1976, Chinese revolutionary leader Mao Zedong died at age 82.
In 1990, Liberian President Samuel Doe was killed by rebels after visiting the headquarters of West African peacekeeping forces in Monrovia.
In 1995, Steffi Graf won her fourth of five U.S. Open women's singles title, defeating Monica Seles in her first appearance since a fan stabbed her in 1993. Graff ended her career with 22 Grand Slam singles championships.
In 2008, Thai Prime Minister Samak Sundaravej was ousted for moonlighting as a paid performer on a TV cooking show.
In 2012, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton told Russian leaders in Vladivostok their support of the government of Syria, which had been torn by a civil war for a year and a half, is an affront to Washington.
In 2015, Britain's Queen Elizabeth II became England's longest-serving monarch, surpassing the record set by her great-great-grandmother, Queen Victoria, more than a century earlier.
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